According to the more traditional view, ecological restoration is the attempt to return a damaged ecosystem to some historic state. In this article, I will examine United States federal agency policies concerning restoration within national parks, wilderness, and other protected areas. I will also examine actual restoration projects in these areas.
On September 30, 2014, the Governor of California signed the nation’s first statewide ban on single-use bags, including plastic bags. Senate Bill (SB) 270, as of July 1, 2015, will prohibit stores that exceed a designated amount of revenue or retail floor space from providing free single-use bags to customers at the point of sale. The debate over SB 270 was one of the biggest battles in California’s most recent legislative session. While a lot of people in and out of California were cheering for the passage of the bill, others, including plastic bag manufactures, environment activists and even legislators from both major political parties expressed their concerns about the possible negative effects of the ban.
The Arizona Game and Fish Department has found the toxicity of lead-based ammunition to be the leading cause of death among California condors within Arizona. Condor exposure to lead has also been problematic in California and Utah. In response, on October 11, 2013, California Governor Jerry Brown signed Assembly Bill 711 into law, making California the first state to fully ban the use of lead ammunition for hunting. This Comment begins by presenting an overview of the problem created by condor exposure to lead. It then discusses California’s attempt to remedy the problem through legislative action, and compares Arizona’s approach to the problem. Finally, the Comment considers whether Arizona should do more to protect the condors.
In commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the Wilderness Act, we examine what might be the next chapter in wilderness politics, designation, and management. Congressional polarization may push wilderness politics onto different political pathways, including action by the executive branch aimed at protecting wilderness-eligible lands. Outside of Congress, collaboration will also continue to shape wilderness politics in the future, with questions focused on the scope and degree of compromise in wilderness legislation. There will also be increasing demands to control and manipulate wilderness in the future. Yet despite these challenges, the reasons for adding to the Wilderness Preservation System are stronger in 2014 than they were fifty years ago.