The Arizona Game and Fish Department has found the toxicity of lead-based ammunition to be the leading cause of death among California condors within Arizona. Condor exposure to lead has also been problematic in California and Utah. In response, on October 11, 2013, California Governor Jerry Brown signed Assembly Bill 711 into law, making California the first state to fully ban the use of lead ammunition for hunting. This Comment begins by presenting an overview of the problem created by condor exposure to lead. It then discusses California’s attempt to remedy the problem through legislative action, and compares Arizona’s approach to the problem. Finally, the Comment considers whether Arizona should do more to protect the condors.
In commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the Wilderness Act, we examine what might be the next chapter in wilderness politics, designation, and management. Congressional polarization may push wilderness politics onto different political pathways, including action by the executive branch aimed at protecting wilderness-eligible lands. Outside of Congress, collaboration will also continue to shape wilderness politics in the future, with questions focused on the scope and degree of compromise in wilderness legislation. There will also be increasing demands to control and manipulate wilderness in the future. Yet despite these challenges, the reasons for adding to the Wilderness Preservation System are stronger in 2014 than they were fifty years ago.
Kevin R. Kemper – The jaguar (Panthera onca) roams the Southwest boundary region of the United States, Mexico, and tribal nations, particularly in southeastern Arizona and northeastern Sonora. This transboundary species has remained elusive and controversial. Those who care about the preservation of the species want to learn all they can so that political action can be taken. Environmental information policy may require some secrecy at times to make certain endangered species are protected, but policy-making outside of the public gaze must not be a permanent situation, even when it involves tribes.
Nathan D. Schott – Glen Canyon Dam has had a dramatic impact on the American West. In a place as sacred and iconic as Grand Canyon where interests are diverse and complex, finding the proper balance among competing interests is no easy task. To help ensure that Glen Canyon Dam is operated in a manner consistent with both federal mandates and the public interest, Glen Canyon Dam operators have increasingly relied on recommendations from an arguably unrepresentative group of interested stakeholders as a proxy for the public interest.