Gordon Steinhoff View PDF Version Within environmental philosophy there has been much effort to determine precisely why we should protect wilderness and other natural areas. There have been many theories and much controversy. Should natural areas be protected for the sake of recreation and other benefits these areas provide to humans, the anthropocentric approach? Many […]
According to the more traditional view, ecological restoration is the attempt to return a damaged ecosystem to some historic state. In this article, I will examine United States federal agency policies concerning restoration within national parks, wilderness, and other protected areas. I will also examine actual restoration projects in these areas.
Kevin R. Kemper – The jaguar (Panthera onca) roams the Southwest boundary region of the United States, Mexico, and tribal nations, particularly in southeastern Arizona and northeastern Sonora. This transboundary species has remained elusive and controversial. Those who care about the preservation of the species want to learn all they can so that political action can be taken. Environmental information policy may require some secrecy at times to make certain endangered species are protected, but policy-making outside of the public gaze must not be a permanent situation, even when it involves tribes.
By Kristin Carden, Crow White, Steven D. Gaines, Christopher Costello, and Sarah Andersone. This article focuses on one emerging tool that can enable prospective evaluation of the tradeoffs inherent in natural resource decision-making processes like CMSP: ecosystem service tradeoff analysis. We demonstrate the potential of this tool through an evaluation of the ecological and economic tradeoffs flowing from the institution of Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries (TURFs) in the southern California red sea urchin fishery.
By Nicole Giffin – In 2007, quagga mussels were discovered in Lake Mead and have since spread throughout the southwestern United States. Because of the serious ecological and economic problems that the mussels create, all Western states have developed inspection and decontamination stations to help stop the spread of these invasive species to new bodies of water. This article discusses the Fourth Amendment and Privacy Act of 1974 issues associated with watercraft tracking and proposes other means of achieving states’ goals.
By Terra H. Bowling – Zebra and quagga mussels entered the United States in the late 1980s and most recently appeared in several Western states. Western states are anxious to stop the spread of these invasive species, which wreak havoc on native ecosystems and water delivery infrastructure. However, variability among state and federal law presents a challenge to stopping the spread of the mussels. This Article examines the issues that arise when laws prohibit only the transport of “live” mussels.
By Emi Kondo, Paula Cotter, and Stephanie Showalter Otts – In response to the discovery of quagga and zebra mussels in the region, many Western states have developed and implemented watercraft inspection programs to prevent the transport of quagga and zebra mussels to unaffected waters. This Article addresses the states’ legal authority to implement watercraft inspection programs to prevent the further spread of invasive mussels, focusing primarily on the permissibility of such programs under the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
By Rachel White & Stephanie Showalter Otts – The Lacey Act contains two key provisions. Title 16 prohibits wildlife trafficking and elevates the violation of state, tribal, or foreign wildlife laws to federal offenses. Title 18 prohibits the importation and interstate transportation of listed injurious species, including zebra mussels. This Article provides an overview of Title 16 and 18 and discusses the federal enforcement challenges associated with invasive mussel cases. The Article concludes with a discussion of the states’ primary enforcement role and proposals for Lacey Act reform.
By Stephanie Showalter Otts & Terra Bowling – This Article provides an overview of the quagga and zebra mussel invasion, including environmental and economic impacts, and highlights the recent legislative and regulatory efforts of Western states to slow the geographic expansion of dreissenid mussels. The Article concludes with a brief discussion of the ongoing challenges associated with zebra and quagga mussel prevention.
Babbitt served as Secretary of the Interior from 1993 to 2001, as Governor of Arizona from 1978 to 1987 and as Attorney General of Arizona from 1975 to 1978. As Governor Babbitt brought environmental and resource management to the forefront in Arizona, and as Secretary of the Interior he led the creation of the Pacific Northwest Forest Plan, restoration of the Florida Everglades, passage of the California Desert Protection Act, and legislation for the National Wildlife Refuge System. He currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.